Women & Extraverts Are Healers in MMORPGs 🎮

The Nurturers of Distant Worlds

White Mages are the primary healers of MMORPGs & RPGs. Whenever you’re in a difficult dungeon, facing challenging bosses, or just doing some quests with a group in general, White Mages are there to heal, revive, & support you. As such, it’s generally assumed that women are more likely to select a White Mage role for their avatars than men.

Are PreMeds Healers?

In truth, I wasn’t interested in assessing sex differences in role preferences when planning this study. I simply wanted to know if PreMed gamers preferred the White Mage role (consistent with MD aspirations) more than non-PreMed students.

Healers: Introverts & Extroverts

White Mages (Healers) advance in MMORPGs by healing others, making it an inherently social role. As such, Extroverted students (87.5%) were significantly more likely to be White Mages than Introverts (32%) & Ambiverts (35.3%), χ2 (2, N = 50) = 8.14, p = .017.

Femininity & Healing

“In practically all realms of foreign & domestic policy, women are less belligerent than men” (Page & Shapiro 1992, p. 295).

Masculinity & Mortality Risk

Seeking Care

Decades of research have documented how and why men are less likely to seek care. A 2019 study in the American Journal of Men’s Health, for example, examined health care use in religious heterosexual men and concluded masculine norms — such as a perception that they are supposed to be tough — were the main reason many men avoided seeking care.


Males have more bicycle accidents than females, a pattern known for decades (Amoros et al., 2011; Boufous et al., 2011; Briem, 2003; Carlin et al., 1995; Carlin et al., 1998; Colwell & Culverwell, 2002; Frings et al., 2012; Hagel et al., 2015; Hansen et al., 2005; Knowles et al., 2009; Li et al., 1995; Macpherson et al., 2004; Martin et al., 2004; ONISR, 2017; Tallet & Valles, 2017; Wang et al., 2009; Yu et al., 2012).


Men walk faster than women (Abadi et al., 2010; Abustan, 2015; Alexandra Willis et al., 2004; Asher et al., 2012; Boles, 1981; Chandra & Bharti, 2013; Chung & Wang, 2010; Finnis & Walton, 2007; Khalidur Rahman et al., 2012; Knoblauch et al, 1996; Lowry et al., 2016; Mohd Firdaus Mohamad Ali et al., 2019; Morrall et al., 1991; Mukherjee et al., 2020; Nazir et al., 2014; Pinna & Murrau, 2018; Polus et al.,1983; Tanaboriboon and Guyano, 1991; Tarawneh, 2001).

Costa (2010)

Close intimate distances are more frequently observed in female dyads than in male dyads (Aiello 1987; Crawford and Unger 2000; Hall 1984; Heshka and Nelson 1972). This finding may reflect a stronger female socialization to be affiliative, and more experience by females with intimate nonverbal modalities (Crawford and Unger 2000; Hall 1984).

Finnis & Dalton (2007)

“Male groups walked more ‘‘scattered’’ than female or mixed groups while walking. This mirrors the effect of gender on interpersonal distances that has been confirmed by many researchers (Aiello 1987; Barnard and Bell 1997; Hall 1984). This finding may reflect a stronger female socialization to be affiliative, and more experience by females with intimate nonverbal modalities (Crawford and Unger 2000; DePaulo and Friedman 1998), and a greater male concern for avoiding intimacy with others of the same sex (Berscheid and Reis 1998; Maccoby 1990). This result can also be interpreted as a consequence of the greater hierarchy in all-male groups (Hall et al. 2005; Schmid Mast 2002), since interpersonal distances and positioning are also strongly influenced by dominance and status exhibition.


Mediums of Morality 📺🌈 (Mares et al., 2021)

Likable LGBTQ characters can improve attitudes toward marginalized gender and sexual identities (e.g., Bond, 2020; Bond & Compton, 2015; Calzo & Ward, 2009; Gillig, Rosenthal, Murphy, & Folb, 2018).


Of the 257 teens who described a specific instance of mediation or media-inspired discussion, 28% (n = 71) said it occurred before they fully realized their identity, 35% (n = 91) while they were thinking of coming out to their parent, 17% (n = 44) while they were coming out to their parent, and 21% (n = 55) after they first came out to their parent. Thus, LGBTQ-media-related behaviors occurred across various stages of coming out.

Lesbians & Biological Motherhood

(Anna McInerney et al., 2021)



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Dr. Jarryd Willis PhD

Dr. Jarryd Willis PhD

I'm passionate about making a tangible difference in the lives of others, & that's something I have the opportunity to do a professor & researcher.