Gender Pay Gap

Male-stereotyped quests tend to provide more magic potions, loot, etc than female-stereotyped quests = wealth inequality

Indeed, Lehdonvirta et al. (2014) found that the gender wealth gap in MMORPG videogame “virtual economies is orders of magnitude greater than in any [real life] national economy” (p. 251).

One of the reasons for this (as the authors alluded to) is that comparing the wealth of a level 2 avatar & a level 52 avatar is like comparing the wealth of a 2 year old to a 52 year old. The last time economists compared the wealth attainment of toddlers to adults was in never.

For some incomprehensible reason, the sidequests & daily jobs that we enjoy doing as women avatars (e.g., reuniting separated npcs, hide and seek with kiddos, removing a curse that’s ruining someone’s flowers, etc) pay us less money than the sidequests/jobs that men avatars enjoy doing (mostly just the same old combat stuff).

And why are female avatars the ones mostly doing the gardening & life skilling at the guildhouse? It’d be nice if games on Playstation 5 were coded to give us some financial reward for that currently uncompensated labor.

Pink Plastic is More Expensive Than Blue

(1/1/2021 Update)

Audit Study — Real Life #PinkTax

“DCA analyzed seven types of clothing: dress pants, dress shirts, sweaters, jeans, shirts, socks, and underwear. In total, 292 individual articles of clothing were included in the analysis, with at least 40 items for each type of clothing.

Audit Study — #MMORPG Life Pink Tax

- Clothing for female avatars costs us an average of 10–400% more than the equivalent item for those male avatars.

Press R2 for dopamine & worldview reinforcement

And which generations report that their social identities are associated with the artistic medium of gaming?

Epilogue (draft)

If passive cinema (Netflix, tv, movies) can be enjoyed, then so can interactive cinema (Xbox). While they both share a visual language, the moral & self investment of direct interactivity is one of the unique potentials of games as an artistic medium.

Skirts Are Among the Most Powerful Items in MMORPG

It’s hard to say who is best at pick-up lines between (in no particular order) bisexual women, straight men, lesbians, gay men, & bisexual men, but straight women were voted the worst by far. Will need to do a follow-up with a larger sample.

Cross-Reality Event: The Sudden Disappearance of Male Avatars During Superbowl 2020

Here’s an example of a cross-reality event: As men in corporeal reality huddled with their bruhs in their mancaves to watch Kansas City’s championship, men avatars in virtual reality logged out to go watch the game.

Eggonomic Cost: Pregnancy & memory (Marrs et al., 2013)

80% of new moms report having memory problems (primarily in the area of verbal recall).

Lactational Amenorrhea Method

Prolactin suppresses estrogen and other hormones that contributes to fertility. The more a mother breastfeeds the higher levels of prolactin.

How Many Women Experience Depression?

Depression is a common and serious illness. A CDC studyexternal icon shows that about one 1 out of 10 women in the United States reported symptoms that suggest they experienced an episode of major depression in the last year. Using the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), CDC research shows that nationally, about 1 in 8 women experience symptoms of postpartum depression. Estimates of the number of women affected by postpartum depression differ by age and race/ethnicity. Additionally, postpartum depression estimates vary by state, and can be as high as 1 in 5 women. View your state’s prevalence of postpartum depressive symptoms using PRAMS.

How Depression Affects Fathers

According to a 2010 study using data from 1993 to 2007, approximately 4% of fathers experience depression in the first year after their child’s birth. By a child’s 12th birthday, about 1 out of 5 fathers will have experienced one or more episodes of depression. Younger fathers, those with a history of depression, and those experiencing difficulties affording items such as a home or car were most likely to experience depression.

Nesting Behavior



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Dr. Jarryd Willis PhD

Dr. Jarryd Willis PhD

I'm passionate about making a tangible difference in the lives of others, & that's something I have the opportunity to do a professor & researcher.