South Korea & Netflix: Dubbing Is Accessibility/Inclusion

Previous Articles

Netflix, Dubbing, & the Globalization of Narratives

Dubbing & Accessibility (James Goodman, 2022 May 25)

While Squid Game won significant acclaim for its plot, direction, and acting, one element was roundly mocked by critics and viewers alike: its dubbing. Flat and jarring, Squid Game’s English-language dub often felt like an afterthought, with a range of unconvincing performances undermining an otherwise stellar production. With Squid Game’s popularity taking Netflix largely by surprise, the company’s failure to produce a high-quality dub is somewhat understandable.

dubbing is a matter of accessibility.

As such, Money Heist: Korea must significantly improve on Squid Game’s dubbing if it is to reach, and retain, as wide an audience as possible.”

South Korea’s Birthrate — Woosang Hwang & Seonghee Kim, 2021

Korea has become the lowest-fertility country in the world (Statistics Korea, 2019).

https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/total-fertility-rate

South Korea — EunyoungHong & Kang, 2017

The prevalence of [unintended] pregnancy [7.9%] and induced abortion [71.6%] are much lower in Korea than are those of other countries.

South Korean & Feminism— Young-Im Lee, 2022

The gender wage gap in South Korea is the widest of OECD economies.

Nonetheless, around half of all men in their 20s and 30s seem to think that women have an easier time in society according to several opinion polls.

A Realmeter poll found that 76% of men in their 20s and 66% of those in their 30s oppose feminism.

And around 75% disapproved of government policies like programs supporting women who experience career interruptions due to childbirth.

https://www.hankookilbo.com/News/Read/A2021061321020001086?did=NA

Tal-Corset South Korea: Hyejung Park, 2020 (direct quotes)

According to RealMeter (2018),

76% of South Korean men in their 20s oppose feminism.

[About] 56.3% of South Korean women in their 20s support the #TalCorset movement (Korean Women’s Development Institute, 2018).

Appearance Labor

“Not one part of a woman’s body is left untouched, unaltered” (Andrea Dworkin, 1974, p. 113)
Painted nails / Plucked eyebrows / Body shaved / Face makeuped

Female socialization as “the tolerance of pain” & “romanticization of that tolerance serves to prepare women for lives of childbearing, self-abnegation, and husband-pleasing” (Andrea Dworkin, 1974, p. 115).”

Third Wave Feminism

Beauty behaviors are no longer oppression or tolerance of pain but instead are women’s choice (Scott, 2005; Snyder, 2008).

NeoLiberalism

New technologies such as beauty apps on mobile phones have brought about digital self-monitoring that puts women’s bodies under unprecedented degrees of scrutiny.

these apps constitute “the nano surveillance of visual appearance” (Elias & Gill, 2018, p. 74).

Alison Winch & Girlfriend Gaze

“Women and girls monitor each other’s appearances and behaviors (Winch, 2013, p. 17). Winch argues the “mutual body regulation” among women is intensified through digital media where

“the many girlfriends watch the many girlfriends” (Park, 2020, p. 21).

Although neoliberalism drives individuals — both men and women — to enhance self-efficacy through endless competitions and self-disciplines, it is women who are “required to work on and transform the self to a much greater extent than men” (Gill & Scharff, 2011, p. 7).
Digital media such as makeup tutorials and beauty vlogs are reproducing “a conventional, idealized definition of beauty,” although their overt message in most cases is self-empowerment (Banet-Weiser, 2017).”

Influence of Tal-Corset

Since the advent of the Tal-Corset movement, “year-on-year purchases of cosmetics, hair products, and other beauty products by South Korean women in their 20s significantly declined between 2016 and 2018. Instead of spending money on beauty products, young women were spending more money on cars after 2016 (Kim, 2019).”

Park, Hyejung (2020). “Throwing off the Corset: A Contemporary History of the Beauty Resistance Movement in South Korea. Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence, 5(3), Article 1. https://digitalcommons.uri.edu/dignity/vol5/iss3/1/

South Korea & Feminism — Choe Sang-Hun, 2022 (NYTimes)

(Assume direct quotes [unless otherwise marked])

South Korea has the highest gender wage gap among the wealthy countries.

Less than 20% of its national lawmakers are women. Women make up only 5.2% of the board members of publicly listed businesses, compared with 28% in the United States.

“chicks struggling not to fall off a crowded nest.”

Lee Hyo-lin, 29, said that “feminist” has become such a dirty word that women who wear their hair short or carry a novel by a feminist writer risk ostracism. When she was a member of a K-pop group, she said that male colleagues routinely commented on her body, jeering that she “gave up being a woman” when she gained weight.

ELITE Netflix (Italy)

Voices of Medium

Sidenotes

Sex Differences in Voiceacting

In videogames, women are better than men at voiceacting. As such, playing with a female protagonist is the equivalent of getting a free upgrade.

“Is that why we’ve had female phone operators going back to 1878?”

Female Phone Operators

Well no. At first all phone operators were males. Alexander Bell, the inventor of the telephone, only started hiring women because he felt that their “soothing” voice would lead to better financial outcomes for the company compared to the voices of the “short-tempered”, “rowdy”, “wrestling on the job”, & impatient males he initially employed.

Incidental Social Progress

- To be clear, women weren’t employed because Alex Bell was a rising feminist in tech back in the 1870s, or because he had no patriarchal interests in forming a boys club at the switchboard (as that’s what he started off doing). No, women were employed because the males were so objectively & unequivocally bad at it.

The Voice of Privacy

- In addition, due to the intimate exchange of info that may take place during a phone call, female operators’ lower voices gave callers a greater sense of security compared to the testosterone-laden lack of discretion in the males’ voices. “Can you repeat my card number a little louder Dennis; I’m not sure the entire world heard it that time.”

The Sequel: Typewriters

Women’s proficiency with the switchboard led companies to believe women’s dexterity would make them perfect as typists as well. As such, women were overwhelmingly employed in such jobs.

Long Live lofigirl 🎶

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Dr. Jarryd Willis PhD

Dr. Jarryd Willis PhD

I'm passionate about making a tangible difference in the lives of others, & that's something I have the opportunity to do a professor & researcher.