Nurtural Nature — 19 Reasons WhY (iX–13)

Jarryd

9. Nature adapts to stressful nurture by producing more women.

Stressed out to-be-moms are more likely to give birth to a daughter than to a son (Walsh et al., 2019).

https://www.pnas.org/content/116/48/23996.short

Alisa

10. Women Have a Higher Survival Rate in General

In general, when comparing males and females with same disease, women have a higher survival rate. COVID does not eliminate preexisting illnesses and diseases, and men tend to have more preexisting comorbidities than women (Baker et al., 2020; Serge et al., 2020). Thus, if for many diseases women have a higher survival rate, & COVID only increases adds up to them and makes it harder for their body to fight a pre-existing disease because it also has to fight with COVID, then it will make only harder for males to survive, therefore, less males would survive.

  1. Hip Fracture → Although the reduction in life expectancy was similar in both genders, the proportion of the years of life lost was higher in men, suggesting a worse impact of hip fracture on survival in men, even after consideration of the higher mortality rate in the general male population.” https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s001980200100
  2. In Russia, most females retire much earlier than males, so they live longer because they have less stress in their lives than males. When your body is in constant stress, then it is harder to overcome COVID, so males’ survival rate should be lower.
    In Moscow, most people use public transportation to go to work. Thus, if more males use it because they have to go to work, they’ll have a higher COVID infection risk due to poor ventilation in the subway carriage.
    So women have more opportunities to stay home & even if they go to a store there are restrictions in place to reduce the likelihood of catching COVID.

Brian

11. Influenza Advantage XX

There are differences between sexes when discussing the rate of influenza infection. With influenza vaccinations, females develop higher immune responses compared to males. Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) needs to be converted to the active metabolite, oseltamivir carboxylate, and this is done by carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) in the liver, which females have greater amounts of. This suggests that there are sex differences in drug absorption, resulting in females having lower outcome of infection. Along with estradiol (E2) that is predominant in females, treatment of E2 results in a reduction of the inflammatory response promoting a higher antibody response to the influenza vaccination. There is a reduction of immune cell recruitment within the lungs as estradiol reduces the transcriptional activity of proinflammatory cytokine genes.

Daniel

12. Sexual Desire & COVID19

Gay males are more likely than heterosexuals and lesbians to have more sexual partners. Gay males, heterosexual males, heterosexual females, and lesbians self reported the number of sexual partners they had in the past 12 months. Gay males reported having the most sexual partners compared to the other listed genders and sexual orientations (England et al, 2016). More sexual contact with different individuals could contribute to the spread of COVID-19 and may be a possible reason as to why more males are catching the virus.

Gay men don’t have a limit on the number of sexual partners they may have, whereas bisexual men (when seeking a straight female partner) & heterosexual men are partially limited by straight women’s higher sexual selectivity. As such, gay men have more sexual partners than straight men.

What that has meant during COVID is that sexual contexts may have placed gay men at greater risk of infection than straight men, as straight men would be in that context less often & thus be less likely to experience higher infection risk in that context.

https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-71672020001400156&tlng=en

Jarryd (Again)

13(?) Worst outcomes for women who need CPR…

Twitter Chat with Dr. Audrey Blewer

https://twitter.com/AudreyBlewer/status/1349096733498871816?s=20
From Blewer et al., 2018 — https://twitter.com/CircOutcomes/status/1032674925352509442?s=20
https://avive.life/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/How-to-do-CPR.png

DNR Forms

Be Good To Each Other

And consider wearing 2 masks like President Biden

https://www.self.com/story/biden-wearing-two-masks

Sidenotes

Gossip Girl — My 1st Restaurant as a Californian

Gossip Grill is one of only 15 lesbian bars remaining in the United States. Please support them during this time.

XOXO: Bisexual & Monosexual Partner Count

The findings here for lesbians (20.4), gays (52.4), & heterosexuals (18.9W; 17.4M) are consistent with existing literature (though the heterosexual number is perhaps interesting).

Jeffery, D. D., Beymer, M. R., Mattiko, M. J., & Shell, D. (2020). Health behavior differences between male and female US military personnel by sexual orientation: the importance of disaggregating lesbian, gay, and bisexual groups. Military medicine.
Disaggregation helps show that bisexual women’s experiences differ from monosexual women’s
https://womenintheworkplace.com/

Handwashing Throwback (previously Reason #5).

Here are a few more citations on sex & handwashing. Just a few.

Prevalence of handwashing XX > Xy

Beijing (Xu et al. 2003)
Asia (broadly) (Sevilimedu et al., 2017)
Canada (Ipsos-Reid 2003; Blendon et al. 2004)
Guangxi: Comparison of Chinese Ethnic Groups (Huang et al., 2020)
Hong Kong (Lau et al., 2004)
Hong Kong (Lau et al., 2005)
Hong Kong (Social Sciences Research Centre (Hong Kong University) 2004)
Hong Kong (Lo et al., 2005)
Singapore (Leung et al., 2004)
South Korea (Park et al., 2010)
United States Airports (Hyde, 2003)
United States (Sansoni et al., 2005–90% women & 75% men)
Healthcare settings (Sharir et al., 2001; van de Mortel et al., 2001)
After H21N1 (SteelFisher et al., 2012)
After SARS (Fung & Cairncross, 2007)
College Students (Anderson et al., 2008)
Female College Students (Drankiewicz et al., 2003)
Health Campaign in Residence Halls (White et al., 2005)
Visual Behavior Prompts (Johnson et al., 2003)
COVID (Cory Clark et al., 2020)
COVID (Everett, 2020)

Over half of all women wear glasses

…the reports on ocular infection with SARS-CoV-2 are emerging both in high-impact and less stringent scientific literature with hypersonic speed. The situation with COVID-19 represents a scientific opportunity for many and enthusiasm to publish a new observation as first is very high. This brings a true challenge for peer-review to filter out reports and to keep only the most scientific ones in the field that is new to all of us.

More CPR Info

Kralj et al. (2015) investigation of CPR-related skeletal chest injuries found significantly higher odds for sternal fractures in women at a rate of “59% of males & 79% of females”. They also found that sternal fractures were associated with rib fractures such that “1 sternum fracture on average implied 4.71 more rib fractures”.

Quick Nose Reminder

People emit a higher concentration of COVID-19 virus when breathing out of their noses compared to exhaling out of their mouths (Hou et al., 2020)

Cover your nose

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Dr. Jarryd Willis PhD

Dr. Jarryd Willis PhD

I'm passionate about making a tangible difference in the lives of others, & that's something I have the opportunity to do a professor & researcher.